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超疎水性カーボンナノチューブで弾む水滴を超スローモーションで見た動画

水に対する親和性が超低い「超疎水性カーボンナノチューブ」に落とした水滴の動きをスローモーションで撮影した映像のご紹介です。

[YouTube] Water Droplet Bouncing on a Superhydrophobic Carbon Nanotube Array

Video from the paper “Bouncing Water Droplet on a Superhydrophobic Carbon Nanotube Array,” authored by Adrianus I. Aria, Morteza Gharib, published online on ArXiv, Submitted on 7 Oct 2010: http://arxiv.org/abs/1010.1351  The first two parts of the video show the impact dynamic of 30 microliters water droplet at different impact velocity. At low impact velocity of 1.03 m/s, the water droplet deforms upon impact and eventually bounces off completely of the surface of the array. At higher impact velocity of 2.21 m/s, the droplet breaks up into many smaller droplets and eventually bounces off completely of the surface of the array.  The coefficient of restitution of water droplet at very low impact velocity can be seen clearly by dropping a water droplet on a slightly tilted carbon nanotube array. At tilt angle of 2.5 degrees the droplet skips off of the surface of the array multiple times without showing any sign of pinning on the surface of the array, as demonstrated in the third part of the video. The fourth part of the video shows the sliding/rolling behavior of the droplet along the surface of a U-shaped carbon nanotube array. The fifth part of the video shows the impact of two identical 14 microliters water droplets to one another on a U-shaped carbon nanotube arrays. Upon impact, these two water droplets, which come from the opposite direction, merge to form one larger droplet.   All parts of the video were captured by high speed camera operated at various frame rates. The droplet was illuminated from behind with a diffuse halogen light. The droplet was dropped on the surface by at-tipped needle and the volume of the droplet was controlled precisely by syringe pump.  This work was supported by The Charyk Foundation and The Fletcher Jones Foundation.

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2010年11月13日

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